Learn Galician

Galician is an official language of the region of Galicia, where 56% of the population speak it as their first language. It is more commonly a first language of the older generation than the younger. Its vocabulary predominantly comes from Latin, with a few Germanic and Celtic influences. Galician is closely related to Portuguese: they are about 85% mutually understandable. There are some linguists who argue that Galician is a dialect of Portuguese, although most agree that they both developed separately from a common ancestral language.

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Planet Earth

Where Is It Spoken?

Spain

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Number Of Speakers

2,500,000

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Language Family

Romance

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Fun facts about Galician

If you meet a Galician abroad, you may hear them complain of morriña, a sense of homesickness and nostalgia for their native land.

The Galician words for 'the' are single vowels - 'o' for masculine nouns and 'a' for feminine nouns'. So 'o coche' is 'the car' and 'a estación' is 'the station'.

Galician was banned under Franco's reign and all official communication had to take place in Spanish. In 1983, the language made it back into schools in the region.

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