Learn Estonian

Estonia is home to around 900,000 speakers of Estonian, known as 'eesti keel', with another hundred thousand or so living abroad. It is very close to Finnish and speakers of these languages can generally understand each other. It is not related to the neighbouring Slavic, Germanic or Baltic languages such as Russian, German and Latvian. A distinctive feature of Estonian and Finnish is that they have no grammatical gender - just one word is used for both ‘he’ and ‘she’.

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Planet Earth

Where Is It Spoken?

Estonia

People Talking

Number Of Speakers

1,000,000

Family Tree

Language Family

Uralic

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Fun facts about Estonian

Many people confuse Finnish and Estonian, but they do use some separate vowels such as the Estonian uses ü and üü instead of Finnish y and yy.

Although not a Germanic language, nearly a third of Estonian vocabulary comes from German - for example, the word for glass, klaas, comes from the German glas.

Estonian has an astonishing 14 grammatical cases!

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