Learn Tajiki

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About Tajiki

Tajiki - забо́ни тоҷикӣ́ - is the variant of Persian spoken in Tajikistan and parts of Uzbekistan, especially the cities of Samarkand and Bukhara, as well as in Afghanistan and other countries in Central Asia. It has diverged from the Persian of Iran and Afghanistan in terms of vocabulary, borrowing a lot from Russian and its Turkic neighbours such as Kyrgyz and Uzbek, but remains mutually intelligible with them. Historically, it was written with a version of the Perso-Arabic script but nowadays uses Cyrillic, despite calls to change to Arabic or Latin.

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Fun facts — Tajiki

  • Tajiki retains many words that are considered archaic in Persian and Dari.
  • The most striking difference between Tajiki and Persian is the present progressive tense- for example, in the sentence 'I am writing', Tajiks literally say, 'I writing standing am' while Persians say 'I have I write'!
  • Despite being a Persian language, Tajiki has borrowed many words from Russian due to the Soviet influence last century.

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